Saul & David


Key Verses

 1 Samuel 24:17-21

17 “You are more righteous than I,” he said. “You have treated me well, but I have treated you badly. 18 You have just now told me about the good you did to me; the LORD delivered me into your hands, but you did not kill me. 19 When a man finds his enemy, does he let him get away unharmed? May the LORD reward you well for the way you treated me today. 20 I know that you will surely be king and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hands.


1 Samuel 26:11

But the LORD forbid that I should lay a hand on the LORD’s anointed.



She obviously had more talent and more experience.  Everyone told her so, and she agreed. She had been acting for years.  She could sing and dance--much better than Gretchen.  She had a better stage presence, and practically had the leading part memorized.  Acting was in her blood. She deserved to get the part.  Anything less was beneath her. 


But that’s not what happened.  Judy’s best friend, Gretchen, got the leading role and Judy had only a few lines in the final scene.  Now she would have to stay after school and practice every day when she only had a few lines. It just wasn’t fair!

·         What are Judy’s options?

·         If you were Judy’s parent what would you say?

·         Have you ever been in a situation like this?


The second half of 1 Samuel is a tragic story of the demise of a jealous king. It is also an inspiring story about a humble servant who waited years before taking his rightful place as leader over Israel.  


Study Scripture

King Saul committed one rebellious blunder after another.  Eventually God grew tired of Saul’s behavior and appointed David to be his successor.   However, this transfer of power would take years to complete.  During this period, Saul grew increasingly delusional, the kingdom fell apart, and David was forced to flee for his life.  Review the outline below and rehearse the story highlights with your group.


1.       David would have made a better king

·         The prophet Samuel recognized and anointed David as the future king (1 Samuel 16:13)

·         David experienced great success (1 Samuel 18:5, 14, 30)

·         David was popular among the people (1 Samuel 18:16, 30)

·         Saul’s troops supported David (1 Samuel 18:5; 22:17)

·         Saul’s son, Jonathan loved and supported David ( 1 Samuel 19:1;20:34; 23:16)

·         The people of Achish considered him to be king ( 1 Samuel 21:11)

·         David’s own army wanted David to take Saul’s life so he could become king (1 Samuel 26:8)

2.       Saul realized this and turned against David

·         Saul was jealous (1 Samuel 18:8-9,

·         Saul feared David (1 Samuel 18:12, 15, 29

·         Saul tried to take David’s life (1 Samuel 18:10-11, 19:9-10

·         Saul plotted against David (1 Samuel 18:17, 21

·         Saul told others to kill David (1 Samuel 19:1, 11; 23:8

·         Saul became angry at his son Jonathan for supporting David (1 Samuel 20:30-31

·         Saul incited his own people against David (1 Samuel 22:8-13)

·         Saul killed the priests who supported David (1 Samuel 22:18-19)

3.       David lived an honorable life

·         Four times David declared that he would not lay a hand on the Lord’s anointed: (1 Samuel 26:11; 24:6,10, 12)

·         David would refused to marry into Saul’s family just for the sake of position (1 Samuel 18:18, 23)

4.       Finally Saul admits that David should become king (1 Samuel 24:16-21; 26:21,25)

5.       David grieved when Saul died (2 Samuel 1:11-12, 17-18)


Life Application

Author Aletha Hinthorn wrote, “God makes an abundance of promises for those who are meek--those who are humble and cheerful and content with what their gracious God allows them. The meek are not annoyed because they think they deserve better. They refuse to be irritated when they see others possessed of more honor or riches than their wise God has given them.

As a result they can claim such promises as these: "The meek will he guide in judgment: and the meek will he teach his way" (Psalm 25:9 KJV). "But the meek will inherit the land and enjoy great peace" (Psalm 37:11).” 


Take one of the following passages and discuss it with your group.  What does the Bible say about meekness?

·         Matthew 5:1-11

·         James 3:13-18

·         Romans 12:19-20

·         Luke 6:27-36

·         Luke 14:7-11

·         Luke 22:26-27

·         Proverbs 6:34, 27:4; Song of Solomon 8:6

·         1 Corinthians 13


I recently attended a seminar on what it means to be a Christian leader.  Over and over the various speakers of the day repeated, “You cannot lead unless you first learn to follow. A good leader is one who has learned the art of being a good follower.”  One of the presenters went so far as to proclaim that there is only one leader—Jesus Christ.  We are all HIS followers.  Therefore, the individual who happens to be in charge is nothing more than a first follower. 



1.       We have the privilege of knowing what David was thinking during these epic events of his life.  They are found in the following Psalms:

·         Psalm 18 tells us what David was thinking when he escaped Saul.

·         Psalm 54 When the Ziphites went and told Saul, “Is not David hiding among us?”

·         Psalm 57 When he fled from Saul, in the cave

·         Psalm 59 when Saul sent men to watch his house in order to kill him.

2.       You can easily use this lesson to talk about serving others and making others look good.  This video is a great depiction of how we can lift others up.










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